The basic theme of this book concerns the relations between motivation and achievement, particularly as they relate to educational settings. The issues are addressed from a social-developmental perspective. The book is organized into three sections. The development of intrinsic and extrinsic motivational orientations is addressed in the first section, where contributors offer their latest account of the distinction between the two orientations, emphasizing how the two motivational systems develop. The effects of motivational orientations on interpersonal interaction and on creativity are addressed in the two subsequent chapters. The second section focuses on the relation between motivation and the experience of competence. Three chapters address the development of competence, affect, and motivation from grade school to junior high; the effects of competence information on intrinsic motivation; and the development of competence assessment processes. In the third section the relation between motivation and achievement is explored. Two chapters discuss the effect of extrinsic pressures on self-regulation, and on the relations among intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, performance, motivational style and learned helplessness. Finally, the concepts of optimal degrees of pressure and performance, and of defensive behavior in the form of self-handicapping, are discussed in the last two chapters. A final summary chapter provides an overview of the basic themes of the book.
"Work Motivation in the Context of a Globalizing Economy" evolved from a work motivation conference held in Israel, attended by a group of internationally renowned scholars. These scholars were given the charge of creating a vision of motivation research for the 21st century. Coming from different parts of the world, the scholars represent a wide range of perspectives from the very micro focus on the individual level of motivation, through the meso level of groups and organizations, and up to the macro level of culture. The authors provide an entry to the book by summarizing several mega-trends manifest across all of the chapters and identifying several emerging trends that are left for future research.
This handbook is a user-friendly resource for pre-service and new practicing teachers outlining theoretical models and empirical research findings concerning the nature and effects of emotions, motivation, and self-regulated learning for students and teachers alike. The authors provide accessible explanations, classroom-based examples and self-reflection exercises, as well as useful advice for new teachers about these psychosocial processes. They address how to measure these processes, what effects they have on personal and academic development, how they manifest in both students and teachers and how teachers can best manage and optimize these critical elements at the classroom level. It is expected that by collecting, distilling, and highlighting the real-world applicability of research on underexplored educational topics (e.g., students? emotions other than anxiety, promoting student autonomy, preventing burnout and attrition in teachers) that empirical findings can be used to improve personal and academic development in students, while also preparing new teachers for the psychological challenges of classroom instruction.
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